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JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com, - Berdasarkan hasil survei yang dirilis Lembaga Survei Nasional (LSN), sebanyak 86,1 persen responden menolak rencana kenaikan harga Bahan Bakar Minyak (BBM) bersubsidi. Sementara itu, hanya 12,4 persen yang mengaku setuju dengan kebijakan pemerintah itu, dan sisanya sebayak 1,5 responden menyatakan tidak tahu.

"Menurut temuan LSN, mayoritas mutlak dari masyarakat berpendidikan dan berpenghasilan rendah menolak kenaikan harga BBM. Mereka khawatir kenaikan itu mempersulit ekonomi rumah tangga mereka," ujar Peneliti LSN Gema Nusantara di Jakarta, Minggu (2/6/2013).

Adapun yang menyetujui kenaikan BBM berasal dari responden berpendidikan dan berpenghasilan tinggi. Mereka memahami argumentasi pemerintah untuk menaikan harga BBM, namun tidak yakin akan berhasil membantu perekonomian nasional. Gema menjelaskan, ada tiga alasan utama mengapa publik menolak kenaikan harga BBM yang rencananya mulai naik pada bulan Juni ini.

Pertama, kenaikan BBM dinilai semakin memberatkan ekonomi masyarakat sebab harga kebutuhan pokok otomatis akan naik. Kedua, masyarakat menilai kenaikan harga BBM tidak akan menolong kesehatan fiskal seperti yang direncanakan pemerintah. "Bebeberapa kali kenaikan harga BBM di masa lalu terbukti tidak efektif menyelamatkan APBN," katanya.

Kemudian, alasan ketiga, publik menilai adanya motif politik praktis. Kebijakan kenaikan harga BBM dinilai hanya menjadi pintu masuk peluncuran Bantuan Langsung Sementara Masyarakat (BLSM) yang sarat dengan muatan politik praktis menjelang Pemilu 2014 dan upaya mendongkrak elektabilitas partai pemerintah.

Di sisi lain, sebanyak 51,7 persen responden setuju dengan pemberian BLSM, dan 47,2 persen tidak setuju. Masyarakat menilai, nominal BLSM yang diberikan oleh pemerintah tidak signifikan untuk membantu rakyat kecil.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
LSN: Publik Tidak Setuju Pemerintah Naikan BBM Bersubsidi
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

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