MAU UMROH BERSAMA TRAVEL TERBAIK DI INDONESIA ALHIJAZ INDO WISTA..?

YOOK LANGSUNG WHATSAPP AJA KLIK DISINI 811-1341-212
 

Keistimewaan Umroh Ramadhan Bulan Penuh Ampunan

Kawah Putih adalah sebuah danau kawah dari Gunung Patuha yang telah terletak di daerah selatan kota bandung, tidak jauh dari obyek wisata Situ patenggang (5km), yaitu berjarak sekitar 46 kilometer dengan waktu tempuh 2,5 jam perjalanan dari pusat kota atau 35 kilometer dari ibukota Kabupaten Bandung, Soreang. Bersuhu antara 8-22 derajat, terdapat dua kawah yaitu Kawah Saat ( Saat dalam bahasa sunda berarti Surut) berada di bagian barat dan Kawah Putih yang berada di bawahnya pada ketinggian 2.194 meter. Kedua kawah tersebut telah terbentuk akibat letusan yang terjadi sekitar abad X dan XII

Dahulu kala sebelum Kawah Putih di buka untuk umum, masyarakat setempat percaya bahwa Kawah Putih telah menyimpan misteri dan Angker karena banyaknya burung yang mati saat melintasi Kawah Putih, namun pada tahun 1837 seorang ilmuwan dari Jerman, Dr. Franz Wilhelm Junghun telah membantahnya. Ia pun kemudian melakukan penelitian dan menemukan fakta bahwa banyaknya burung mati saat melintasi kawasan tersebut tidak lain dikarenakan adanya semburan lava belerang. Karena kandungan belerang di Kawah Putih yang sangat tinggi maka pada zaman pemerintahan Belanda sempat dibangun pabrik belerang yang di beri nama Zwavel Ontgining Kawah Putih yang kemudian usaha tersebut di lanjutkan pada pemerintahan Jepang dengan mengganti namanya menjadi Kawah Putih Kenzanka Gokoya Ciwidey.

Kemudian pada tahun 1987 PT. Perhutani unit III Jawa Barat, Banten telah mulai mengembangkan kawasan Kawah Putih sebagai obyek wisata, Keindahan danau Kawah Putih memang sangat mempesona. Danau Kawah Putih telah memiliki ciri khas dan keunikan yaitu air di danau kawahnya bisa berubah warna, seperti hijau apel, kebiru-biruan bila cuaca terang terkena pantulan matahari, coklat susu, namun paling sering terlihat airnya berwarna putih disertai kabut tebal di atasnya. Kawasan ini tidak jarang sebagai obyek untuk foto pre wedding karena pemandangannya yang eksotis.

Obyek wisata danau Kawah Putih di buka pada pukul 07.00 sampai pukul 17.00, setiap harinya. Fasilitas yang tersedia pun juga sudah memadai dengan adanya area parkir, mushola, transportasi transit, pusat informasi serta adanya warung-warung makanan. Untuk tarif masuk Kawah Putih terbilang mahal yaitu Rp.150.000 untuk mobil sampai di atas kawasan Kawah Putih, Rp.35.000 untuk motor dan Rp. 15.000 per orang.

Akses ke Kawah Putih transport

Dari jakarta melewati tol Cipularang menuju pintu keluar tol Kopo, lalu menuju Soreang ke arah selatan kota Ciwidey. Lamanya perjalanan dari Ciwidey sekitar 20 sampai 30 menit menuju gerbang masuk obyek wisata Kawah Putih, dan pengunjung disarankan menggunakan kendaraan untuk menuju Kawah Putih dari pintu masuk dikarenakan jaraknya yang sangat cukup jauh dan menanjak sekitar 5,6 Kilometer atau sekitar 10-15 menit dengan berkendara.

Jika Anda menggunakan kendaraan pribadi maka Anda bisa langsung menuju area parkir yang tidak jauh dari Kawah Putih, sementara pengunjung dengan rombongan besar hanya bisa menuju Kawah Putih dengan menggunakan Kendaraan Khusus yang tersedia di area parkir, karena kondisi jalan yang sempit dan menanjak tidak memungkinkan untuk dilewati bus atau kendaraan besar lainnya.

Anda bisa juga dari Terminal Kebun Kelapa maupun Leuwi Panjang, Bandung dengan menggunakan transportasi umum menuju Ciwidey. Kemudian perjalanan dilanjutkan dengan menggunakan angkutan pedesaan dengan tujuan Situ Patenggan.

TEMPAT WISATA KAWAH PUTIH

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonís Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Artikel lainnya »