Setiap jamaah yang berangkat umroh atau haji khusus Call/Wa. 08111-34-1212 pasti menginginkan perjalanan ibadah haji plus atau umrohnya bisa terlaksana dengan lancar, nyaman dan aman sehingga menjadi mabrur. Demi mewujudkan kami sangat memahami keinginan para jamaah sehingga merancang program haji onh plus dan umroh dengan tepat. Jika anda ingin melaksanakan Umrah dan Haji dengan tidak dihantui rasa was-was dan serta ketidakpastian, maka Alhijaz Indowisata Travel adalah solusi sebagai biro perjalanan anda yang terbaik dan terpercaya.?agenda umroh 12 hari

Biro Perjalanan Haji dan Umrah yang memfokuskan diri sebagai biro perjalanan yang bisa menjadi sahabat perjalanan ibadah Anda, yang sudah sangat berpengalaman dan dipercaya sejak tahun 2010, mengantarkan tamu Allah minimal 5 kali dalam sebulan ke tanah suci tanpa ada permasalahan. Paket yang tersedia sangat beragam mulai paket umroh 9 hari, 12 hari, umroh wisata muslim turki, dubai, aqso. Biaya umroh murah yang sudah menggunakan rupiah sehingga jamaah tidak perlu repot dengan nilai tukar kurs asing. travel haji Bojongsari

Saco-Indonesia.com - Saat berkomunikasi dengan anak, para orang tua perlu disarankan untuk menyeimbangkan nada suara dengan kata-kata. Seorang anak tidak terlahir rmengerti suatu bahasa, tetapi mereka dibekali keinginan untuk berkomunikasi.

Anak mengenali bahasa dengan sangat cepat. Semua kata seakan melingkupi dunia mereka. Tetapi, kata-kata bekerja dengan dua arah. Ketika mendengar, anak juga akan bereaksi. Faktor orangtua dan lingkungan akan membentuk tingkah laku anak, bersandar pada bagaimana mereka memperhatikan apa yang diucapkan dan bagaimana cara mengatakannya.

- Masa bayi
Sebelum lahir, bayi sebenarnya sudah belajar bahasa. Ketika lahir, bayi tidak hanya cenderung mendengar suara ibu. Teapi juga pada bahasa yang kerap digunakan oleh ibu. Menurut penelitian yang dilakukan para ilmuwan dari Utrecht University, bayi dapat membedakan bahasa Belanda dan China sebaik orang dewasa.

Bayi juga mengerti irama dan warna bahasa jauh sebelum mereka mengerti artinya. Penting artinya untuk diingat para orang tua. Bayi akan lebih banyak menyimak dari nada bicara Anda ketimbang makna kata-kata yang diucapkan. Menggunakan bahasa dengan irama cepat dan nada yang keras akan mengakibatkan kegelisahan. Sementara menggunkan irama yang pelan dan lembut akan menenangkan bayi yang gelisah.

- Anak kecil dan usia pra-sekolah
Saat mereka mulai belajar jalan, beberapa anak mulai mengerti kata-kata. Masa kanak-kanak adalah yang tahap paling penting dalam mengembangkan kemampuan berbahasa seorang anak. Ketika berbicara, bayi tampak lucu, namun beberapa guru Montessori menyarankan orangtua berbicara dengan irama bicara layaknya orang dewasa. Gunakan kalimat yang lengkap dengan kata-kata yang akurat untuk menyebut anggota tubuh berikut fungsinya.

Berikan pula instruksi yang jelas. Saat menginjak usia pra skeolah, anak mulai mampu mengikuti tiga atau empat instruksi sekaligus. Ketika anak melakukan kesalahan, sebaiknya ditegur tanpa menghukum atau mengoloknya. Bila benar, tidak ada salahnya memberikan penghargaan untuk memacu semangatnya.

- Anak dan remaja

Gunakan bahasa bermakna positif pada anak dan remaja untuk membangun kekuatan personal dan pengendalian dirinya. Namun bukan berarti orangtua harus membanggakan anak, apapun yang dia lakukan. Misalnya, orangtua dapat mengatakan, "Hebat, sudah bisa membersihikan kamar sendiri," daripada sekedar berkata, "Anak mama hebat."

Kalimat pertama menunjukkan orangtua mengakui kemampuan anak. Sedangkan yang kedua justru menunjukkan kebanggaan orangtua tanpa mengakui kemampuan diri anak.

Bahasa, nada, dan kemarahan
Orangtua harus menjadi contoh. Anak yang hidup dengan kemarahan dan orang tua yang kasar, akan belajar hal yang sama. Bila orangtua merasa marah dan putus asa, sebaiknya jangan berteriak. Hal ini akan mengajarkan anak untuk melakukan hal yang sama. Daripada berteriak, orangtua lebih baik mengatakan apa yang membuat kesal. Misalnya jangan mengatakan,

"Kenapa kamu nggak ngerjain PR?," lebih baik "Kalau adek ngerjain PR, nilai adek jelek. mama bisa marah." Berbagai dengan suara yang tenang mengajarkan anak berkomunikasi secara baik dan jelas.

 

Sumber :livestrong/http://health.kompas.com/read/2013/05/26/21114 556/Bagaimana.Bahasa.dan.Suara.Pengaruhi.Perilaku.Anak.
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Bagaimana Bahasa dan Suara Dapat Pengaruhi Perilaku Anak?

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

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