Umroh 26 Desember pesawat Landing Madinah

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Biro Perjalanan Haji dan Umrah yang memfokuskan diri sebagai biro perjalanan yang bisa menjadi sahabat perjalanan ibadah Anda, yang sudah sangat berpengalaman dan dipercaya sejak tahun 2010, mengantarkan tamu Allah minimal 5 kali dalam sebulan ke tanah suci tanpa ada permasalahan. Paket yang tersedia sangat beragam mulai paket umroh 9 hari, 12 hari, umroh wisata muslim turki, dubai, aqso. Biaya umroh murah yang sudah menggunakan rupiah sehingga jamaah tidak perlu repot dengan nilai tukar kurs asing. promo umroh desember di Citangkil

MAGDEBURG, Saco-Indonesia.Com - Ancaman banjir belum juga berlalu di Jerman. Ribuan petugas darurat, tentara, dan relawan, Minggu (9/6), mengalihkan perhatian kepada Kota Magdeburg yang berjuang melawan banjir terburuk di Eropa tengah dalam satu dekade.

Banjir di Jerman dalam sepekan terakhir telah menyebabkan evakuasi massal, yang menurut anggota parlemen sebagai sebuah ”bencana nasional”. Luapan air Sungai Elbe yang bergerak ke utara kini mengancam Magdeburg, kota di timur Jerman. Wilayah luas di sekitar kota tertutup lautan air warna coklat akibat hujan lebat di hulu Sungai Elbe yang berada di Ceko.

Tingkat muka air Sungai Elbe di Magdeburg 7,45 meter pada Minggu pagi, lebih tinggi tiga kali lipat daripada muka air normal yang setinggi dua meter. Pejabat setempat mengatakan, kondisi itu lebih buruk daripada banjir besar di kawasan itu tahun 2002.

Walau ada upaya keras untuk mengamankan kota, sebuah bendungan jebol di selatan kota di titik di mana Sungai Elbe bertemu anak Sungai Saale. Pusat komando krisis lokal mengatakan, hal itu memaksa 150 warga yang masih bertahan di wilayah itu harus dievakuasi ke tempat yang lebih tinggi.

Presiden Jerman Joachim Gauck kemarin mengunjungi Negara Bagian Saxony dan Saxony- Anhalt yang terkena banjir. Dari udara, atap dan puncak-puncak pohon menyembul dari wilayah luas yang tergenang air, dan hanya bisa dijangkau dengan perahu dan helikopter.

Ironisnya, matahari musim panas bersinar cerah di atas wilayah yang dilanda banjir. Ribuan relawan dan petugas yang mengisi karung pasir dan membantu warga mengungsi harus menggunakan tabir surya dan losion antinyamuk.

Harian Leipziger Volkszeitung memberitakan, pemerintahan Kanselir Angela Merkel merencanakan pertemuan krisis dengan perdana menteri negara- negara bagian untuk membicarakan biaya bencana itu. ”Kita menghadapi bencana nasional,” kata Gerda Hasselfeldt, anggota parlemen dari Uni Sosial Kristen.

Ironisnya, bencana ini juga menjadi tontonan sejumlah warga. Mereka menghalangi upaya penyelamatan dan membuat kesal para petugas. ”Wisata bencana adalah masalah serius. Orang- orang yang menonton memarkir mobil sembarangan, menghalangi jalan dan petugas darurat, mengancam keselamatan tanggul, serta membahayakan diri mereka sendiri,” kata Hans-Peter Kroeger, Ketua Asosiasi Pemadam Kebakaran, seperti dikutip kantor berita DPA.

Normal

Keadaan di Ceko normal setelah puncak banjir lewat. Namun, penahan banjir tetap dipasang setelah ada prakiraan badai dan hujan lebat. ”Bahaya masih ada, bahkan di tempat-tempat yang telah terkena banjir karena tanah masih basah,” kata PM Ceko Petr Necas.

Kini giliran banjir mengancam Budapest, Hongaria, seiring arah aliran Sungai Danube ke timur. Warga bekerja sama memperkuat tanggul dengan menambah karung pasir.

PM Hongaria Viktor Orban mengatakan, ketinggian muka air Sungai Danube mencapai puncaknya di Budapest, Minggu malam. Tanggul-tanggul sungai telah diperkuat di beberapa titik kritis. Orban mengatakan, tingkat air baru surut perlahan pekan depan. (AFP/Reuters/DI)

Sumber : Kompas Cetak/http://internasional.kompas.com/read/2013/06/10/08544552/Jerman.Berjuang.Hadapi.Bencana
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Jerman Sebagai Negara Maju Sedang Berjuang Hadapi Bencana

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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