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Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com — Turunnya hujan dua hari berturut-turut, Sabtu (11/1/2014) dan Minggu (12/1/2014), genangan dan banjir sudah menyebar di Jakarta. Bukan salah Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo tentu saja. Namun, andai saja wacana pengusungan Jokowi menjadi calon presiden tak semencuat hari-hari ini, barangkali pemikiran untuk solusi banjir Jakarta akan dipikul rata oleh lebih banyak tokoh. Apa hubungannya?

"Baru hujan dua hari, yang itu pun belum paling lebat, kita sudah melihat banjir dan macet di Jakarta hari ini. Tak beda dengan zaman Foke (Fauzi Bowo), mungkin malah memburuk," ujar Wakil Ketua DPP Partai Amanat Nasional, Dradjad Hari Wibowo, memulai perbincangan soal banjir Jakarta, Senin (13/1/2014).

Dradjad sedang tidak bicara soal kepentingan politik partainya. "Saya tahu akan dicaci para pendukung Jokowi karena pendapat saya ini," kata Dradjad sebelum mengemukakan pendapatnya lebih lanjut. "Tapi untuk kebaikan, saya siap menerima," ujar dia.

Jokowi, kata Dradjad, adalah tokoh politik yang cemerlang. Menurut dia, Jokowi punya kesempatan emas menjadi Gubernur DKI Jakarta yang sukses, bahkan pemimpin nasional pada saatnya kelak. "Sayangnya, Jokowi 'tersandera' oleh wacana pencapresan yang terlalu awal. Dia disandera pendukung-pendukungnya sendiri yang tak sabaran ingin 'ngatur negara'," papar dia.

Jokowi "sendirian"...

Implikasi dari wacana yang terus bergulir bak bola salju tentang pencapresan Jokowi, menurut Dradjad, menempatkan Jokowi pada posisi terjepit. Tak hanya dia, banyak tokoh nasional pun yang menjadi canggung untuk turun tangan membantu Jokowi menangani masalah Jakarta.

"Jokowi tidak lagi mendapatkan dukungan penuh tokoh-tokoh nasional yang dulu 'membawa' Jokowi dari Solo ke Jakarta," kata Dradjad. Prabowo dan Jusuf Kalla, misalnya, menurut Dradjad, tidak akan nyaman sekarang ketika melihat orang yang mereka orbitkan justru "menelan" mereka.

"Demikian pula ibu Mega (Megawati Soekarnoputri)," imbuh Dradjad. Menurut Dradjad, saat ini Megawati dipojokkkan oleh orang-orang yang tak paham etika politik. Presiden dan para menteri yang notabene mayoritas berlatar belakang partai politik menjadi "berhitung" kalau terkait dengan program kerja Jakarta.

"Mereka (para pejabat) ingin memastikan bahwa rakyat tahu program itu dari pemerintah pusat, bukan dari pemerintah daerah DKI Jakarta, apalagi Jokowi," papar Dradjad. Padahal, persoalan Jakarta tak akan bisa diselesaikan sendirian oleh Jokowi. "Jakarta butuh usaha bersama kita semua. All out," tegas dia.

Jakarta, kata Dradjad, adalah salah satu kota paling kacau di dunia. Sutiyoso, sebut dia, sudah melakukan banyak terobosan, mulai dari membongkar kekumuhan Monas dan Stadion Menteng, hingga memunculkan bus transjakarta.

Fauzi Bowo, lanjut Dradjad, bagaimanapun adalah pembangun jalan layang Antasari dan bahkan Casablanca. "Namun, dengan 12 juta penduduk pada siang hari, beban Jakarta jauh lebih berat daripada Singapura bahkan London sekalipun."

Melepaskan kepentingan pragmatis partai politik terkait pemilu, Dradjad berharap, banjir yang sudah datang lagi di Jakarta, meski hujan belum lebat-lebatnya di Jabodetabek, menjadi "wake up call" bagi para pendukung Jokowi untuk tak buru-buru mengusung Jokowi ke pemilu presiden. "Berpolitik itu perlu proses, tidak bisa instan," ujar dia.

Dradjad menegaskan pendapatnya ini lagi-lagi bukan berdasarkan pertimbangan pendek jabatannya sebagai wakil ketua umum partai kompetitor Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDI-P), partai pengusung Jokowi.

"Saya akademisi dan profesional di bidang keuangan, bukan semata politisi," kata Dradjad. Sebagai pembanding, dia menyebutkan tokoh-tokoh nasional di negara lain yang tak punya cerita "tiba-tiba" menjadi kepala negara.

"Lihat pengalaman Bush, Clinton, bahkan Merkel dan Putin. Ada tahapannya," kata dia. Kembali ke soal banjir, Dradjad berkomentar singkat, "Saya ingin Mas Jokowi berhasil memperbaiki Jakarta kita bersama."

Sumber :Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Banjir Jakarta, Seandainya Jokowi Tak Didorong-dorong "Nyapres"...

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonís Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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