umroh desember

Setiap jamaah yang berangkat umroh atau haji khusus Call/Wa. 08111-34-1212 pasti menginginkan perjalanan ibadah haji plus atau umrohnya bisa terlaksana dengan lancar, nyaman dan aman sehingga menjadi mabrur. Demi mewujudkan kami sangat memahami keinginan para jamaah sehingga merancang program haji onh plus dan umroh dengan tepat. Jika anda ingin melaksanakan Umrah dan Haji dengan tidak dihantui rasa was-was dan serta ketidakpastian, maka Alhijaz Indowisata Travel adalah solusi sebagai biro perjalanan anda yang terbaik dan terpercaya.?agenda umroh 12 hari

Biro Perjalanan Haji dan Umrah yang memfokuskan diri sebagai biro perjalanan yang bisa menjadi sahabat perjalanan ibadah Anda, yang sudah sangat berpengalaman dan dipercaya sejak tahun 2010, mengantarkan tamu Allah minimal 5 kali dalam sebulan ke tanah suci tanpa ada permasalahan. Paket yang tersedia sangat beragam mulai paket umroh 9 hari, 12 hari, umroh wisata muslim turki, dubai, aqso. Biaya umroh murah yang sudah menggunakan rupiah sehingga jamaah tidak perlu repot dengan nilai tukar kurs asing. biro haji di Citangkil

saco-indonesia.com, Koalisi Masyarakat Sipil Selamatkan Mahkamah Konstitusi untuk meminta Dewan Etik MK memeriksa beberapa keganjilan dalam proses pengujian materiil Undang-Undang Mahkamah Konstitusi.
 
Tindakan MK yang telah menerima pengujian UU MK yang dilakukan oleh beberapa kelompok yang dekat dengan MK ini dinilai telah menabrak prinsip umum dalam hukum, nemo judex in casua sua. Artinya, MK tidak akan bisa menjadi hakim atas dirinya sendiri.
 
"Ini juga merupakan preseden buruk dalam sejarah konstitusi Indonesia. MK secara telanjang telah mengajarkan kepada publik bagaimana kekuasaan yang dipunyainya digunakan untuk dapat mengakali hukum itu sendiri," kata Bahrain, Koordinator Advokasi YLBHI dalam siaran pers yang diterima Okezone, Selasa (10/2/2014).
 
Pasca tertangkapnya mantan Ketua MK, Akil Mochtar, Presiden SBY telah mengeluarkan Perpu No 1 Tahun 2013 tentang Perubahan Kedua atas UU No 24 Tahun 2003 tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi. Pada intinya, Perpu tersebut telah mengatur dua hal yang selama ini membuat MK rapuh dalam menegakan amanat konstitusi yaitu memperketat seleksi hakim konstitusi dengan membentuk lembaga ad hoc bernama Panel Ahli dan syarat-syarat calon hakim konstitusi, dan membentuk MKHK sebagai instrument pengawasan etik  hakim konstitusi.
 
Keberadaan Perpu tersebut disambut dengan positif, karena substansi yang diaturnya telah menutup lubang lemahnya sistem di MK selama ini yaitu tidak adanya pengawasan dan buruknya mekanisme seleksi hakim konstitusi.
 
Meskipun publik dan lembaga-lembaga negara menginginkan perubahan yang lebih baik untuk MK ke depan, namun bagi sebagian hakim MK, secara eksplisit mengatakan akan membatalkannya jika ada pihak-pihak yang mengajukannya ke MK.
 
Dalam praktiknya, posisi sebagian MK yang akan membatalkan substansi UU MK yang baru tersebut terkonfirmasi dengan jelas dalam beberapa keanehan - keanehan dalam proses pengujian UU MK.
 
Keanehan pertama terlihat dari sidang pemeriksaan pendahuluan sampai dengan kesimpulan hanya memakan waktu 17 hari. Kedua, sidang pemeriksaan hanya dilakukan satu kali dan langsung ditutup.
 
Ketiga, MK telah membatasi hanya mengajukan satu orang Ahli. Keempat, MK hanya memberikan kesempatan kepada pihak terkait (Presiden, DPR dan KY) untuk dapat menyampaikan keberatannya secara tertulis hanya dalam waktu 3 hari.
 
Untuk itu, Koalisi menyatakan mengutuk dengan keras tindakan MK yang telah memilih menjadi hakim terhadap substansi UU (UU MK) yang telah mengatur lembaganya sendiri.

"Kami juga telah meminta kepada MK untuk menolak uji materil terhadap pengawasan dan pengetatan seleksi hakim MK yang diajukan oleh beberapa advokat dan akademisi tersebut," kata Bahrain.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KOALISI NILAI ADA KEANEHAN UJI MATERIIL UU MK

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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