Jadwal Biaya Umroh bulan April

saco-indonesia.com, Bukan rahasia umum lagi jika akhir-akhir ini listrik sering mati mendadak karena ada pemadaman bergilir atau karena ada kerusakan pada peralatan milik PLN yang telah diakibatkan faktor oleh cuaca. Seringkali pemadaman telah berlangsung dalam waktu yang cukup lama sehingga kita tidak dapat melakukan kegiatan apapun yang berhubungan dengan peralatan listrik baik di rumah maupun di kantor. Jika kegiatan tersebut hanya bersifat hiburan, kita tentu dapat menahan diri dan sedikit bersabar. Akan tetapi, jika kegiatan tersebut berhubungan dengan kegiatan bisnis, misalnya bisnis online dengan penggunaan komputer dan modem internet yang telah membutuhkan aliran listrik, maka kerugian yang akan ditanggung selama pemadaman tersebut bisa mencapai angka yang cukup besar.

Melayangkan pengaduan atau keluhan kepada PLN mungkin bisa dilakukan, akan tetapi solusi yang akan diharapkan belum tentu bisa cepat terealisasi terutama untuk masalah yang cukup besar. Hal iniliah yang membuat banyak orang telah memilih untuk membeli genset atau portable generator sebagai sumber energi listrik cadangan ketika aliran listrik tengah padam. Apa saja yang perlu diperhatikan sebelum kita membeli genset? Mari kita simak poin-poin penting berikut!

Tips Membeli Genset

    Menghitung seberapa besar daya yang akan kita butuhkan. Dengan penghitungan yang lebih baik, kebutuhan listrik kita juga akan tetap terpenuhi sekalipun kita tengah menggunakan genset. Kita juga dapat menghitungnya dengan memperhatikan alat-alat apa saja yang biasa kita gunakan di rumah seperti jumlah lampu, komputer, TV, lemari es, dan lain-lain. Jika ingin lebih mudah, kita hanya perlu memperhatikan kapasitas daya listrik yang telah kita miliki di rumah. Yang paling perlu diperhatikan adalah pemilihan genset dengan daya yang sama atau lebih besar dari yang telah kita miliki.
    Memperhatikan jenis genset berdasarkan bahan bakarnya. Pemilihan genset dengan bahan bakar yang berbeda mungkin tidak terlalu berpengaruh kepada jumlah biaya yang harus kita keluarkan untuk dapat membeli bahan bakar tersebut mengingat harga bensin dan solar relatif sama. Akan tetapi, pemilihan genset dengan memperhatikan jenis bahan bakarnya juga dapat memberikan kita petunjuk tentang besar kapasitas daya yang telah dihasilkan. Biasanya, genset dengan kapasitas besar (4000 watt ke atas). Oleh karena itu, anda dapat mengeliminasi pilihan ini jika anda membutuhkan genset untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga.
    Memilih model genset berdasarkan ukuran dan tingkat kebisingan. Kita mungkin tidak memiliki ruangan yang cukup luas untuk dapat meletakkan genset yang kita beli di rumah. Dengan demikian, memilih genset yang berukuran kecil juga merupakan solusi yang terbaik walaupun seringkali ukuran fisik genset berbanding lurus dengan kapasitasnya. Produsen genset juga telah memberikan pilihan yang cukup variatif mengenai suara yang telah dihasilkan oleh mesin tersebut. Pilihan produk dengan tingkat kebisingan rendah adalah yang paling masuk akal untuk digunakan di rumah.
    Menyesuaikan produk yang diinginkan dengan kondisi keuangan. Nah, ini adalah aspek yang paling penting menurut sebagian besar orang. Lalu, kenapa aspek ini harus ada di urutan ke-empat? Kita bisa saja membeli produk yang murah. Akan tetapi, jika kita melihat kembali seberapa penting fungsi genset untuk dapat mendukung aktifitas kita, membeli genset atas dasar harga yang murah bisa jadi cukup beresiko. Ketika kita salah dalam menentukan pilihan hanya karena harga murah yang ditawarkan, hal ini juga dapat berakibat pada tidak maksimalnya fungsi genset tersebut sehingga kita membutuhkan yang baru dengan kapasitas lebih besar dan harga yang lebih mahal.

Di luar kebutuhan kita akan genset yang seringkali mendesak ketika listrik padam, kita tentu berharap pasokan listrik dari PLN dapat kita nikmati dengan nyaman dan stabil. Semoga tips ini bermanfaat.

Editor : Dian Sukmawatid


WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.


“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

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