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JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com - Data Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana menunjukkan, bencana hidrometeorologi yang didominasi banjir selama Januari-Mei 2013 menewaskan 252 jiwa. Sementara itu, berdasarkan data Walhi, dalam periode sama tercatat 348 orang meninggal.

”Data BNPB itu bersifat sementara. Sesuai pengalaman, hasil penghitungan pada akhir tahun jumlahnya bisa tiga kali lipatnya,” kata Kepala Pusat Data, Informasi, dan Humas BNPB Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, Senin (3/6/2013), di Jakarta.

Menurut Sutopo, terdapat 573 kejadian bencana di seluruh Indonesia. Hampir 95 persennya bencana hidrometeorologi banjir, longsor, puting beliung, dan gelombang tinggi.

Korban terdampak dan mengungsi 512.080 orang, 30.525 rumah rusak, dan puluhan fasilitas umum seperti sekolah dan rumah ibadah rusak. Banjir mendominasi, dari 573 kejadian, ada 212 banjir, 195 puting beliung, dan 138 longsor. Tanah longsor menyebabkan kematian paling banyak, yaitu 115 orang. Lalu, banjir 94 orang.

Manajer Penanganan Bencana Walhi Mukri Friatna mengungkapkan, bencana hidrometeorologi tahun 2013 diperkirakan lebih besar dibandingkan dengan tahun sebelumnya. Dari 34 provinsi, tak satu pun bebas dari bencana hidrometeorologi.

”Walhi mendorong pemerintah berani menyatakan bahwa banyaknya bencana hidrometeorologi akibat kerusakan lingkungan, ulah manusia. Bukan hanya karena curah hujan ekstrem,” kata Mukri.

Data Walhi, lima bulan terakhir ada 776 bencana melanda 3.846 desa/kelurahan di 1.584 kecamatan dan 311 kabupaten/kota. Sebanyak 348 orang meninggal, 44 di antaranya karena pertambangan. Namun, banjir mendominasi (579), kemudian longsor (129), banjir rob (36), dan lainnya.

Bencana dalam pendekatan regional, di Sumatera tersering di Aceh, 44 kali bencana. Di Jawa, terbanyak di Jawa Timur (90). Di Kalimantan, bencana terbanyak di Kalimantan Selatan (13). Di Sulawesi, bencana terbanyak di Sulawesi Selatan (22). Di regional Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, dan Papua, bencana terbanyak di NTT (30). (NAW)

Sumber : Kompas.com
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Selama Lima Bulan, 252 Tewas karena Bencana Hidrometeorologi
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

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