Biaya Paket Umroh Promo Murah November Desember

Kasih ibu sepanjang jalan, kasih anak sepanjang galah. Begitu pepatah bilang. Kasih ibu memang tak terbantahkan. Peran wanita sebagai istri, terbukti memberi efek luar biasa kepada suami. Nabi Muhammad SAW sangat mencintai Khadijah, karena mendukung total kenabian Nabi Muhammad, baik dengan jiwa dan harta benda. Tokoh-tokoh nasional seperti Kihajar Dewantara, Dr Soetomo, dll memiliki para istri yang cakap mengurus keuangan keluarga, bahkan menjadi manajer usaha keluarga, agar idealisme para suaminya untuk perjuangan bisa terus berjalan. Berikut para ibu yang hebat versi Alquran dan Alhadits. Masyitoh Masyitoh mungkin bukan perempuan terkenal layaknya artis-artis dunia. Namun, Allah menyebut namanya dalam kisah Nabi Musa. Masyitoh dihukum Firaun karena mempertahankan aqidah: tak ada Tuhan selain Allah. Ia sempat gentar melihat anaknya dibunuh terlebih dahulu oleh algojo Firaun di hadapannya. Namun, Allah meyakinkan Masyitoh melalui roh bayinya, untuk menguatkan hatinya. Yuhanin binti Lawa ibunda Nabi Musa Ibu yang satu ini sangat menyayangi putra semata wayangnya yang merupakan calon nabi. Yuhanin saat itu melahirkan dalam teror: setiap bayi laki-laki yang dilahirkan harus dibunuh. Dan kebetulan, bayi yang dilahirkannya berjenis adalah laki-laki. Meski begitu, Yuhanin menyayangi bayi yang kemudian diberi nama Musa itu. Untuk menyelamatkan bayi Musa, maka Yuhanin menaruh Musa di dalam sebuah peti kemudian dihanyutkan ke sungai Nil. Tanpa disangka, peti itu justru hanyut ke arah istana Firaun dan ditemukan oleh Asiyah, istri Firaun. Asiyah membawa bayi Musa ke hadapan Firaun. Bukan untuk dibunuh, namun Asiyah meminta kepada Firaun untuk mengangkat Musa menjadi anak. Atas izin Allah, Yuhanin dipertemukan kembali dengan berpura-pura menjadi ibu susuan Musa. Hajar Siapa yang tak kenal dengan ketabahan dan ketegaran ibu yang satu ini? Perempuan yang rela ditinggal oleh suaminya dengan seorang bayi dan bekal yang hanya sedikit. Perjuangan Hajar mencari sumber air untuk putranya yang masih bayi dengan berlari dari bukit Shofaa ke bukit Marwaa. Tidak sia-sia, Allah justru memberi Hajar rezeki berupa sumber mata air melimpah di dekat bayinya, Ismail. Akhirnya, Hajar dan bayi Ismail terselamatkan dan dapat hidup layak dengan sumber air yang saat ini dikenal dengan nama "air zam-zam". Ibu yang berebut bayi di zaman Nabi Daus As Alkisah, terdapat dua orang perempuan yang mengadukan perkara merebutkan seorang bayi. Masing-masing mengakui dan bersikeras jika bayi tersebut adalah anak kandung mereka. Akhirnya, Nabi Daud AS memutuskan, agar anak tersebut dibagi dua. Kontan saja, salah satu perempuan tersebut tidak terima dan merelakan anaknya untuk diambil orang lain. Perempuan tersebut tidak rela jika anaknya harus menjadi korban. Akhirnya, Nabi Daud AS memberikan bayi tersebut kepada perempuan penyayang tadi karena perempuan tersebut adalah ibu kandung dari si bayi. Khadijah Khadijah sebelum kenabian Muhammad adalah pemeluk Nasrani. Dia adalah wanita mandiri dan saudagar. Tak banyak bangsawan Arab, yang tauhid sebelum kenabian Muhammad. Salah satu yang menonjol adalah Khadijah dan sepupunya Waraqah bin Naufal. Bahkan Khadijah yang melamar Muhammad, karena nasehat Waraqah bin Naufal. Khadijah menemani Nabi Muhammad sepanjang 26 tahun. 10 tahun di masa sebelum kenabian dan 16 tahun di masa kenabian. Dia istri tunggal Nabi Muhammad yang berpisah karena ajal. Dia wanita pertama yang beriman kepada Allah SWT dalam Islam, dan menyerahkan harta bendanya untuk keperluan agama. Putera-puteri Rasulullah SAW dari Khadijah RA sebanyak tujuh orang: tiga lelaki (kesemuanya meninggal di waktu kecil) dan empat wanita. Salah satu dari puterinya bernama Fatimah, yang dinikahkan dengan Syaidina Ali bin Abu Thalib. Fatimah binti Muhammad Fatimah dilahirkan beberapa saat sebelum Muhammad SAW diutus menjadi seorang Rasul. Ia mendapat gelar Albatuul, yang memusatkan perhatiannya pada ibadah atau tiada bandingnya dalam hal keutamaan, ilmu, akhlak, adab, hasab dan nasab. Ia juga mendapatkan julukan Azzahra, yang cemerlang. Fatimah adalah putri bungsu Rasulullah SAW—kakak-kakaknya adalah Ummu Kultsum, Ruqayyah dan Zainab—dan yang paling beliau cintai. Rasulullah pernah berkata tentang putri terkasihnya itu, "Fatimah adalah darah dagingku, apa yang menyusahkannya juga menyusahkan aku dan apa yang mengganggunya juga menggangguku." Ali bin Abi Thalib menikahinya setelah Perang Uhud. Kemudian Fatimah melahirkan Hasan dan Husein, Muhsinan, Ummi Kultsum, dan Zainab. Ali berkata, "Aku menikahi Fatimah, sementara kami tidak mempunyai alas tidur selain kulit domba untuk kami tiduri di waktu malam dan kami letakkan di atas unta untuk mengambil air di siang hari. Kami tidak mempunyai pembantu selain unta itu." Ketika Rasulullah SAW menikahkan Fatimah, beliau mengirimkan seekor unta, selembar kain, bantal kulit berisi ijuk, dua alat penggiling gandum, sebuah timba dan dua kendi. Fatimah menggunakan alat penggiling gandum itu hingga melecetkan tangannya dan memikul qirbah (tempat air dari kulit) berisi air hingga berbekas di dadanya. Walau menjadi putri nabi termulia, namun Fatimah tak memiliki seorang pelayan. Ia mengerjakan sendiri semua urusan rumah tangganya. Fatimah aktif di belakang garis pertempuran. Saat perang Uhud, dialah wanita yang merawat langsung Nabi Muhammad di dekat garis pertempuran. Juga membantu para prajurit muslim yang terluka dan memberi mereka minum. Fatimah Az-Zahra wafat sekitar 15 bulan setelah wafatnya Rasulullah SAW. Ia telah meriwayatkan 18 hadits dari Nabi SAW. Editor : Maulana Lee IBU TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASSA VERSI ALQURAN DAN ALHADITS

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Artikel lainnya »