REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Rasulullah SAW meletakkan batu pertama Masjid Quba tepat di kiblatnya.

Semua masjid yang berada di Makkah, Madinah, dan Palestina selalu istimewa bagi umat Islam. Masjid-masjid ini punya nilai yang lekat dengan sejarah peradaban Islam. Begitupun dengan masjid Quba.

Menilik dari sejarahnya, Masjid Quba punya nilai historis yang sangat tinggi. Masjid ini adalah masjid pertama yang dibangun Rasulullah SAW.

Masjid Quba dibangun pada awal peradaban Islam. Tepatnya, 8 Rabiul Awal pada 1 Hijriyah. Lokasinya berada di sebelah tenggara Kota Madinah, lima kilometer di luarnya.

Dulu, masjid ini dibangun dengan bahan yang sangat sederhana. Seiring berjalannya waktu, renovasi banyak dilakukan Kerajaan Arab Saudi.

Masjid ini juga mengalami perluasan. Dalam buku berjudul Sejarah Madinah Munawwarah yang ditulis Dr Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani, dijelaskan masjid ini direnovasi besar-besaran pada 1986.

Kala itu, Pemerintah Arab Saudi bahkan mengeluarkan dana hingga 90 juta riyal Saudi untuk memperluas masjid ini yang nantinya bisa menampung 20 ribu jamaah yang mengunjunginya.

Dalam sejarah yang dituliskan, tokoh Islam yang memegang peranan penting dalam pembangunan masjid ini adalah Sayyidina ‘Ammar Radhiyallahu lanhu.

Ketika Rasulullah SAW berhijrah dari Makkah ke Madinah, pria ini mengusulkan untuk membangun tempat berteduh bagi sang Nabi di kampung Quba yang tadinya hanya terdiri atas hamparan kebun kurma.

Kemudian, dikumpulkanlah batu-batu dan disusun menjadi masjid yang sangat sederhana. Meskipun tak seberapa besar, paling tidak bangunan ini bisa menjadi tempat berteduh bagi rombongan Rasulullah. Mereka pun bisa beristirahat kala siang hari dan mendirikan shalat dengan tenang.

Rasulullah SAW meletakkan batu pertama tepat di kiblatnya dan ikut menyusun batu-batu selanjutnya hingga bisa menjadi pondasi dan dinding masjid.

Rasullullah SAW dibantu para sahabat dan kaum Muslim yang lain. Ammar menjadi pengikut Rasulullah yang paling rajin dalam membangun masjid ini.

Tanpa kenal lelah, ia membawa batu-batu yang ukurannya sangat besar, hingga orang lain tak sanggup mengangkatnya. Ammar mengikatkan batu itu ke perutnya sendiri dan membawanya untuk dijadikan bahan bangunan penyusun masjid ini.

Ammar memang selalu dikisahkan sebagai prajurit yang sangat perkasa bagi pasukan Islam. Dia mati syahid pada usia 92 tahun.

Pada awal pembangunannya yang dibangun dengan tangan Rasulullah sendiri masjid ini berdiri di atas kebun kurma. Luas kebun kurmanya kala itu 5.000 meter persegi dan masjidnya baru sekitar 1.200 meter persegi. Rasulullah sendiri pula yang mengonsep desain dan model masjidnya.

Meskipun sangat sederhana, Masjid Quba boleh dianggap sebagai contoh bentuk masjid-masjid selanjutnya. Bangunan yang sangat sederhana kala itu sudah memenuhi syarat-syarat yang perlu untuk pendirian masjid.

Masjid ini telah memiliki sebuah ruang persegi empat dan berdinding di sekelilingnya. Di sebelah utara dibuat serambi untuk tempat sembahyang.

Dulu, ruangan ini bertiangkan pohon kurma, beratap datar dari pelepah, dan daun korma yang dicampur dengan tanah liat. Di tengah-tengah ruang terbuka dalam masjid yang kemudian biasa disebut sahn terdapat sebuah sumur tempat wudhu.

Di sini, jamaah bisa mengambil air untuk membersihkan diri. Dalam masjid ini, kebersihan selalu terjaga, cahaya matahari dan udara pun dapat masuk dengan leluasa. – (jurnalhaji.com)

Sumber : http://saharakafila.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : PERLUASAN MASJIDIL HARAM

MASJID PERTAMA YANG DI BANGUN RASULULLAH

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Womenís Advocate

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